Keywords: dairy cows, adaptation, technologies of keeping and milking, comfort, productivity


The aim of this work was to study the influence of the season on the productive and ethological indicators and comfort of cows (II and III lactations) of Ukrainian black-and-white dairy breed when changing conditions of milking and milking during the adap-tation period. The research was carried out in Ostriykivske Agricultural Complex (Bila Tserkva district, Kyiv region) on cows of the second and third lactations which were transferred from the capital premises to the prefabricated one during the summer (n = 34) and winter (n = 58) periods. The number of cows was kept in a capital-type facility (LxWxH 76х12х6 m) for 100 heads during No-vember-March, and during April-October it was loose in the playgrounds. Milking took place indoors at the UDM-200 unit. The ani-mals were transferred to an easily assembled room with a free-range and boxing content of 400 heads (150x36x10.5 m) with milking in the milking parlor at the Carousel installation. The studies were performed during the adaptation period (30 days after the change of detention conditions). The adaptation period was divided into VI periods lasting 5 days each. The influence of the season on the adaptive traits of cows of II and III lactations to the change of housing and milking conditions is proved. Behavioral reactions in a group of animals that were transferred to new housing and milking conditions during the 30-day adaptation period in the warm months of the year (April-October) corresponded to the recommended indicators according to the "ideal day" schedule for dairy cows starting from IV period (16 days), and in the group of cows that changed the conditions of keeping in the cold period (November-March) starting from the VI period (26 days). In addition, in the group of animals that changed the conditions of keeping in the warm period of the year, higher values of four indices of comfort for boxing cows and productivity (by 2.04-2.60 kg>; P <0.95) were ob-served compared to the group of cows that were transferred in new conditions of keeping and milking during the cold period.


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How to Cite
Borshch, O. O., Borshch, O. V., & Babenko, O. I. (2022). ADAPTATION SIGNS OF COWS FOR CHANGES OF KEEPING CONDITIONS DURING THE WINTER AND SUMMER PERIODS. Bulletin of Sumy National Agrarian University. The Series: Livestock, (4 (47), 71-76.